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 职称英语考试词汇2011年辅导:助动词(2)

职称英语考试词汇2011年辅导:助动词(2)

3.助动词have可用来:

(1)构成完成时态和完成进行时态:

  Great successes have been achieved on all fronts.

  在各个战线上都取得了巨大的胜利。

  That was the place I had been longing to see.

  这是我一直渴望见到的地方。职称英语

  (2)和动词不定式构成谓语,表示不得不做的事情:

  The train has left.We’ll have to wait for the next train.

  火车开了,我们得等下一班车了。

  Do we have to translate the whole text into Chinese? No,you don’t have to.

  我们需要把整篇课文译成汉语吗?不必。

  4.助动词do可以用来:

  (1)构成疑问式和否定式:

  Do you go? 你去吗? Did you go? 你去了吗?

  I did not (didn’t) go. 我没有去。

  (2)加强语气(用于强调谓语):

  I do think you should go. 我的确认为你应当去。

  Do come and join us. 千万要来参加我们的活动。

  (3)代替前面刚出现的动词来避免重复:

  She speaks mush more fluently now than she did last term.

  她现在比上学期说得流利得多了。

  Did you see him? Yes, I did.

  你看见他了吗?嗯,看见了。

  5.Shall可以用来:

  (1)构成将来时态,单纯表示未来情况。主要用于第一人称:

  We shan’t be back tonight.

  我们今晚不回来。职称英语

  Tomorrow we shall have finished the whole thing.

  明天就全部完成了。

  (2)用在问句中征求对方的意见和指示,主要用于第一人称:

  Shall I turn on the light?

  要开灯吗?

  Shall we sit here?

  咱们坐这儿怎么样?

  6.will可以用来:

  (1)构成将来时态,主要用于第二、三人称:

  Will you have anything to do tonight?

  你今晚有事吗?

  They will have got to Shanghai by this time tomorrow.

  明天这时候他们就已经到上海了。

  (2)用于疑问句,表示请进、邀请:

  Will you type this,please?

  请把这打一下好吗?

  Won’t you come over?

  请到这边来好吗?

 

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